US Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts has taken the extraordinary step of rebuking President Donald Trump’s criticism of a federal judge.
Mr Trump on Tuesday called a jurist who ruled against his asylum policy an “Obama judge”.
The president’s gibe provoked a stern statement from the head of America’s highest court.
Mr Trump has defended his comments, saying Chief Justice Roberts is wrong.
It is the first time the chief justice has spoken against Mr Trump.
“We do not have Obama judges or Trump judges, Bush judges or Clinton judges,” Chief Justice Roberts told the Associated Press.
“What we have is an extraordinary group of dedicated judges doing their level best to do equal right to those appearing before them.”
Speaking on the eve of America’s Thanksgiving holiday, he said an “independent judiciary is something we should all be thankful for”.
Mr Trump responded on Twitter on Wednesday, saying the top justice was wrong and that “Obama judges…have a much different point of view than the people who are charged with the safety of our country”.
He suggested that the 9th Circuit Court, where a federal judge blocked his recent immigration proclamation, opposed his policies on border and safety.
It is extremely rare for a senior member of the judiciary to clash with a US president.
Chief Justice Roberts’ Supreme Court colleague Ruth Bader Ginsburg has been a far more outspoken critic of Mr Trump.
In 2016, the liberal judge apologised for calling Mr Trump a “faker” in an interview after coming under fire for commenting on a candidate as a jurist.
Mr Trump has previously lambasted federal judges for ruling against his policies. In 2017, he called a federal jurist who reversed his controversial travel ban a “so-called judge” with a “ridiculous” opinion.
Chief Justice Roberts – who was appointed to lead the court in 2005 by President George W Bush – was responding to the news agency’s request for reaction to Mr Trump’s remark a day earlier.
The Republican president had spoken out following US District Judge Jon Tigar’s ruling against a presidential executive order denying illegal migrants the right to seek asylum, calling the 9th Circuit “a disgrace”.
“I’m going to put in a major complaint because you cannot win – if you’re us – a case in the 9th Circuit and I think it’s a disgrace,” Mr Trump told reporters outside the White House.
“This was an Obama judge. And I’ll tell you what, it’s not going to happen like this anymore.”
Members of the Supreme Court – in fact, the whole of the federal judiciary- like to think of themselves as above and apart from the tumult of American politics.
For some time, however, such an idea has been honoured more in the breach than the observance, with courts often becoming mired in fiercely partisan matters.
The politicisation of the judiciary is now reaching a crescendo, as President Trump repeatedly questions the impartiality and motives of judges.
The president is, with his comments, seemingly chipping away at the authority of a co-equal branch of government.
That may be why the president’s latest fusillade against an “Obama judge” prompted a rare and direct rebuke from the head of the judiciary, John Roberts.
The pointed statement seems destined to set off another round of criticism directed at the chief justice, who – after his 2012 ruling upholding the constitutionality of Obamacare – many Trump supporters feel is insufficiently loyal to their cause.
The president was very quick, via Twitter, to call recent lower-court decisions suspending his immigration policies “dangerous and unwise”.
That the normally cautious jurist felt compelled to speak out underscores just how fraught the current situation has become.
This most recent feud with the judiciary relates to the large group of Central American migrants making their way to the US-Mexico border.
Mr Trump had ramped up his rhetoric around the “caravan” of migrants during the mid-term election season, calling the group “an invasion”.
He signed a proclamation on 9 November saying that anyone who wants to claim asylum in the US has to come in through official points of entry – and their cases will not be heard if they enter illegally.
A statement at the time said: “We are using the authority granted to us by Congress to bar aliens who violate a presidential suspension of entry or other restriction from asylum eligibility.”